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Coltishall Primary School

Reading VIPERS and Fluency

Reading & VIPERS


We use READING VIPERS as a framework for questioning.  This approach can also be used by parents at home to help children develop their reading comprehension.


When reading books the following accuracy rates are used as a guide to ascertain the appropriate level: 


Home/individual reading:

95%-100% accuracy with no more than one mistake in twenty words.  Children should find their home reading ‘easy’ so they achieve and enjoy their books!


Guided reading with a teacher in a group. This happens at the end of our phonics lessons.

90%-94% accuracy, no more than two mistakes in twenty words.


Shared reading e.g. a harder text read as a class.  80%-89%, three or four mistakes in twenty words.  This will happen when exploring a shared text to develop children’s writing skills and comprehension skills.


Children need to be able to read fluently in order to develop their comprehension skills effectively. 

Reading Fluency


Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy and proper expression and prosody. In order
to understand what they read, children must be able to read fluently whether they are reading aloud or silently. When reading aloud, fluent readers read in phrases and add intonation appropriately. Their reading is smooth and has expression. 

Children are encouraged to select reading books within their fluency range.  In Key Stage 2, we use Accelerated Reader (AR) - this includes a ‘Star Reader’ assessment (to assess fluency regularly) and directs children to select books within a particular range in order to help progress their development. 

How we help our pupils to develop their reading fluency